Tag Archive for Tag: home advantage

Tag: home advantage Bayesian networks for unbiased assessment of referee bias in football

Introduction and methodology The notion that football referees are biased towards certain teams or in certain contexts is widely accepted by football pundits and supporters. In fact, whether or not such bias exists is an area of increasing interest that attracts the attention of researchers from the domains of sport science, psychology, statistics and computer science. Irrespective of the true underlying causes, there is no doubt that ‘playing at home’ has a significant impact on a team’s success. Referees themselves are believed to contribute to home advantage by favouring home teams on the basis of penalty kicks, free kicks, yellow/red cards and/or extra time (Nevill et al., 1996; 1999; 2002; Sutter & Kocher, 2004; Boyko et al., 2007; Downward & Jones, 2007; Dawson et al., 2007; Dohmen, 2008; Buraimo et al., 2010; Goumas, 2012). However, these believed biases could be explained by team performance. The increased number of fouls, yellow

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Tag: home advantage Changing the hidden rules of football

We love sports for many reasons, from a cultural tradition that teaches each of us to respect and admire sports events, to professional reasons. One of these reasons relates to the ability of the best players and the best teams to hold our attention for lengthy periods. Deeply correlated with the quality of players and teams, it is important to have balanced sports competitions. Balanced competitions tend to disperse the probability of final victory across a large number of teams and thus maintain interest; in contrast, competitions whose winner is easily anticipated tend to lose interest, fans and financial sustainability. This discussion is important with regard to football, especially in the professional European football competitions. Season after season, we observe a concentration of the probability of winning the European professional leagues on a few teams, usually the ones with the largest budgets at the beginning of the competition. However, various

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